This object lesson teaches about all the different ways David saw God. It uses all the Davidic psalms and captures the metaphors he used for God in them. Participants will explore the different metaphors and make buttons representing their favorite image of God.
Children, Youth, Adults
o You can find all the following documents on the Lesson and Material Downloads page at www.teachingthem.com .
o A copy of the document “How David Saw God – Instructions and Poster” (1 copy in color)
o Several copies of the document “How David Saw God – Button Images” (enough copies for each participant to have a choice about which button they want to make – in color)
o A copy of the document “David’s Metaphors for God” quick reference guide at the end of this lesson (1 copy for the facilitator)\
o Posterboard – 1 sheet, white
o Psalms 3, 7, 9, 11, 13-14, 16, 18, 20-25, 27-31, 35, 36-38, 40, 51-52, 54, 57, 59, 61-64, 68, 70, 124, 140, 142-145
o Print out one copy of the document, “How David Saw God – Instructions and Poster” (in color).
o Cut around the borders of the frame and the letters.
o Paste the images to a piece of posterboard or foam board.
o Print out one copy of the document “David’s Metaphors for God” at the end of this lesson.
o Print out several copies of the document “How David Saw God – Button Images” (several copies in color – you want enough copies for participants to have a choice about which button they will make)
o Watch the training video “Make a Button with Badge a Minit Button Maker” at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=amRRBNYy-Zs
o Practice the script.
Use the following script and instructions (or modify to suit your needs):
- “The Bible tells us that David was a man after God’s own heart.”
- “This means that David had a really close relationship with God.”
- “Throughout his life, David wrote songs to worship God.”
- “We have these saved in the Bible in the book of Psalms.”
- “If we look at all the Psalms that David wrote (74 in all), we see the many ways David saw God.”
- “David liked to use picture words to represent a part of God’s nature.”
- “God is so much more than any one image, but when you put them all together, you get a really good picture of what God is like.” (Point out how the images on the poster all combine to make the word “GOD.”)
- “Take a look at this poster, and pick one of the images you would like to know more about.” (Allow participants to select different images. Use the “David’s Metaphors for God” document to give them more information about that image. Feel free to summarize what is on the document. You don’t have to share it all. When everyone has asked about all the images they want more information about, let them choose one image to make into a button. Follow the instructions on the YouTube video to make the buttons.)
- Review the Rhyme Time below to reinforce the main message of the lesson.
David saw God in many ways
And used each one to give Him praise.
Source: Michael Kientz
David’s Metaphors for God
David used the following metaphors to describe God in his Psalms. The number beside each metaphor designates Psalms in which they are present.
|Cup||16||David had been chased away from Jerusalem, where he daily ate at the king’s table. The king provided his meals and drink (his “cup”) for him. When he wrote this psalm, David was hiding from Saul and didn’t know from where his next meal was coming. However, he knew that God would supply everything he needed. Cup also refers to God’s plan for someone’s life. In it are both blessings and sorrows, and each person must decide if he will “drink it” (obey God) or not (just like when Jesus asked the Father to “take this cup from me” as in Luke 22:42).|
|Deliverer||18, 40, 70, 140, 144||David faced many dangerous situations as he ran from King Saul, but God delivered (saved) him from every one. In the Psalms, David says God delivered him from the attacks of people, from those who wanted to take his life and from evil doers.|
|Fortress (a.k.a., Strong Fortress, Fortress of Salvation)||18, 28, 31, 59, 62, 144||A fortress is a military stronghold. When King Saul chased David into the desert, David had to hide in caves. He didn’t have a secure fortress, but he trusted in God and knew that God’s protection was better than any fortress on earth.|
|Glory||3||David was given glory every time he fought and won an impressive battle. He received glory when he killed Goliath and when he defeated the Philistines time after time. The woman sang songs about how Saul had killed his thousands but David had killed his tens of thousands. But David knew that the true glory belonged to God. David knew that he couldn’t have won those battles without God.|
|Help||30, 40, 54, 70||Whenever David found himself in a dangerous situation, God helped him. When David fought Goliath, God helped him. When Saul threatened David’s life, God helped him. God was always there whenever David needed him.|
|Holy One||22||The word “holy” means spiritually perfect. David knew that God is the only one who is holy and worthy of our praises.|
|Horn of My Salvation||18||In the Bible, God told the Israelites to blow a ram’s horn (a shofar) whenever they went into battle, and He would save them from their enemies (Num 10:9) The Bible also tells us that a horn will blow when Jesus returns to earth to start His reign.|
|Judge (a.k.a., Righteous Judge)||9||David was being judged by a bad king (Saul), but he knew that God is a righteous Judge who would give him justice in the end.|
|King (a.k.a., King of Glory)||9, 11, 24, 29, 68, 145||David was a good and powerful king, but he still bowed his knee to a better King, King Jesus – the King of Glory.|
|Light||27||Light pushes back darkness. It brings hope and makes things clear. David knew that God was the true Light, the One who had led the Israelites out of Egypt in a pillar of fire. The Bible also tells us that Jesus is the light of the world and that anyone who follows Him will never walk in darkness (John 8:12).|
|Living Water (implied but not explicit)||63, 143||David spent a lot of time in the desert running from King Saul, and he and his men were thirsty a lot. Even in a dry land, David thirsted for God more than water. Jesus also tells us that He gives us living water (His Word and His Spirit) and that anyone who drinks it will never be thirsty again (John 4:10).|
|Maker of Heaven and Earth||124||David recognized that God is the Creator of the entire universe.|
|Portion||16, 142||A “portion” to Hebrew people is their inheritance. In other words, it’s the amount a son receives from his father when the father dies. King Saul chased David away from Jerusalem and the kingdom, because he didn’t want David to become king after him. King Saul thought he could keep David from receiving the kingdom (his inheritance) after him, but David knew that his real inheritance (his portion) came from God. David didn’t want earthly treasure. He wanted a relationship with God.|
|Redeemer||20||A redeemer is someone who pays what someone owes. In David’s time, people who couldn’t pay their debts might become slaves to someone else, but a redeemer could pay to get them out of slavery. David knew that his sins put him into debt with Satan but that God would pay to buy him back. Jesus is our Redeemer, because He paid for our sins on the cross.|
|Refuge||9, 14, 31, 59, 61, 62, 142||A refuge is a safe place to hide. David spent a lot of time running for his life and living in hidden caves, but he saw God as the safest place to hide.|
|Rock||18, 20, 28, 31, 61, 62, 144||David hid in a lot of rock caves, and he knew they were a safe place that he could depend on. He thought about God as his safe place to hide. The Bible also tells us that Jesus is our Rock (1 Cor 10).|
|Salvation (a.k.a., Horn of My Salvation)||18, 27, 35, 62||David spent years running for his life, but he had faith that God would save him from every trouble. He trusted in God to be his salvation. Jesus is our salvation, and everyone who believes in Him will have everlasting life (John 3:16).|
|Savior||18, 24, 25, 38, 51, 68||God saved David time after time when King Saul tried to kill him. Jesus is our Savior, and His name even means, “God saves.” Everyone who believes in Jesus will have everlasting life with God in heaven (John 3:16).|
|Shepherd||23, 28||David was a shepherd for many years when he was a boy, and he knew how important it was for a shepherd to love his flock. David saw God as a loving Shepherd, who took really good care of his sheep. Jesus told us that He is the Good Shepherd (John 10:11).|
|Shield||3, 7, 18, 28, 59, 140, 144||David was a warrior, and he knew the value of a good shield. Shields protect you from an attack and provide a good defense. David saw God as his best defense against his enemy.|
|Strength||18, 22, 28, 59||When David felt weak, he trusted in God to be his strength, and strength is really important to a warrior.|
|Stronghold||9, 18, 27, 37, 52, 144||A stronghold is a place an army has built up to make it strong against attack. David felt that he was safe from any attack, because God would protect him.|
|Tower (a.k.a., Strong Tower)||61||Castles have towers, because towers make it possible to see your enemy from far away. David called God his strong tower, because God protected him from all his enemies.|
|Warrior (implied but not explicit)||7, 13, 18, 21, 35, 38, 64, 144||David was a warrior, but he saw God as the most powerful warrior, able to come to his defense against any enemy.|
|Wings (a.k.a., Wings of Refuge)||36, 57, 61, 63||A mother bird covers her children with her wings to protect them. When David compared God to wings, he was thinking of God’s protection every time David was in trouble.|